In 1776, the American eagle took flight and soared on the two wings of faith and reason. Now, 246 years later, the American eagle seems to be plummeting to her death, her two wings frayed and torn by a woke generation that is hostile to both faith and reason. Reason may also be referred to as "common sense."

In the European Enlightenment (1685-1815), Christian faith was rejected and in its place “reason” was exalted as the vehicle for discovering truth. However, because Christianity is a reasonable faith, based on verifiable historical events, the practical worldview of the person of the Enlightenment was often quite compatible with that of the person of faith. This was especially true on the American continent.

Colonial America was influenced by the Enlightenment, but because of the Great Awakening (1726-70) and its emphasis on faith in Christ, faith and reason existed comfortably side by side in America. This is why Benjamin Franklin, a self-proclaimed Deist, could have such a close friendship with the fiery young Methodist revivalist, George Whitefield.

Benjamin Franklin Merged Faith and Reason

Because he saw no real dichotomy between faith and reason, Franklin entered a business partnership with Whitefield in which he printed and distributed thousands of Whitefield’s sermons and journals. In doing so, he helped spread the Great Awakening throughout the Colonies. Franklin also contributed financially to Whitefield’s ministry and the two carried on a lively correspondence for over thirty years.

So close was the relationship between this older Deist and fiery, young evangelist, that in 1756 Franklin wrote a letter to Whitefield proposing that they partner together in establishing a new colony in the wilderness area of present-day Ohio. He wrote,

I imagine we could do it effectually and without putting the nation at too much expense. What a glorious thing it would be, to settle in that fine country a large strong body of religious and industrious people (Hyatt, 1726: The Year that Defined America, 136)!

Franklin’s worldview, based on reason, was obviously very close to that of Whitefield, which was based on faith in Christ and Scripture. Indeed, one Enlightenment philosopher, John Locke, who was widely read by America’s founders, saw no dichotomy between faith and reason and wrote a book entitled The Reasonableness of Christianity.

Thomas Jefferson Merged Faith and Reason

Thomas Jefferson, another founder impacted by the Enlightenment, also saw no dichotomy between faith and reason. For example, he considered it a reasonable and wise act to take money from the federal treasury to pay for a Christian missionary to the Kaskaskia Indians of Southern Illinois, and to build them a chapel in which to worship. Reason informed him that it would improve their lives and make them a happier people.

Reason also led him to a high regard for Jesus Christ, which is why he closed presidential documents with the phrase “In the year of our Lord Christ.” Reason also led him to declare, “Of all the systems of morality that have come under my observations, none appear to me so pure as that of Jesus” (Hyatt, 1726: The Year that Defined America, 150).

The merger of reason and Biblical faith is seen in America’s founding documents. In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson wrote, “We hold these truth to be self-evident, that all men are created equal and that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights . . ..”

By using the phrase “self-evident” Jefferson is acknowledging that some truths are obvious from nature, reason, and common sense. He brings faith into the equation when he says that all men are “created” equal and are endowed by their “Creator” with certain unalienable rights.

The merger of faith and reason at America’s founding led the noted philosopher and historian, Michael Novak, to say,

Everywhere that reason led, Americans found the Bible. If they read Francis Bacon, they found the Bible. If they read Isaac Newton or John Milton, they found the Bible. In Shakespeare, they found the Bible. In the world of the founders, the Bible was an unavoidable and useful rod of measurement, a stimulus to intellectual innovation (Hyatt, 5 Pillars of the American Republic, 16).

The Present Danger We Face

Here is the danger we face today. Whereas there was a rejection of Christian faith in the Enlightenment, society could still function tolerably well because of the emphasis on reason. After all, God is a reasonable Being who created a reasonable world wherein truth can be discovered by using the reasoning faculties He has given us.

This generation, however, has gone a step beyond the Enlightenment and rejected, not only God, but also reason. There are no common sense, "self-evident" truths for this generation. Objective truth and reality do not exist and therefore cannot be discovered. They are to be created according to "my" whims and desires.  

With neither faith or reason to guide them, this new generation cannot define a woman, they believe men can have babies, women can be fathers, and that small children should be given the opportunity to choose their gender.

Without faith or reason to guide them, what matters to this woke generation is how “I” feel at any given moment. If I am a man and decide to identify as a woman, the whole world should accommodate “my” decision, no matter how it affects anyone else. 

Such an egocentric, narcissistic mindset can only lead to societal upheaval and anarchy. Without the two wings of faith and reason, the American eagle is in a freefall. We are not, however, without hope!

Restoring the Two Wings to the American Eagle

Like no other time, we must see those two wings of faith and reason restored to the American eagle. Each of us can play a part by boldly standing for God, reason, and common sense. I also invite you to join me and thousands of others in praying for another Great Awakening to roll across this land like a giant tsunami wave.

Dr. Eddie Hyatt is a Bible teacher and historian with a passion to see America return to her founding principles of faith and freedom. This article is derived from his book, 1726: The Year that Defined America, available from Amazon and his website at http://eddiehyatt.com.



Thomas Jefferson is in the crosshairs of those on the Left who are demanding the removal of his statues from public places and the removal of his name from public schools. Interestingly, however, the nation's most famous Abolitionist and most celebrated Civil Rights leader would both disagree.

We must remember that the goal of the Left is not to understand history. Their goal is to control history and manipulate it to further their social/political agenda. In George Orwell's classic book, 1984, Big Brother censored, manipulated, and demonized the past to make his own authoritarian regime appear to be a welcome improvement on the past. And so it is with all secularist, authoritarian movements. 

The truth is that at a time when slavery was accepted and practiced in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and most of the world, Jefferson, and virtually all of America’s Founders turned against it. This is clear from both their public statements and their private correspondence. The eminent economist and historian, Dr. Thomas Sowell, who happens to be Black, has written of this, saying, 

Among those who turned against slavery in the 18th century were George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, and other American leaders. You could research all of 18th century Africa or Asia or the Middle East without finding any comparable rejection of slavery there (Hyatt, 1726: TheYear that Defined America, 90).

The occasion for this unique turn was the 18th century religious movement in colonial America known as the Great Awakening. A characteristic of this Awakening was the anti-slavery sentiments that prevailed throughout the colonies. By the time of the writing of the Declaration of Independence in 1776, virtually every Founder had come to agree with John Adams who said,

Every measure of prudence ought to be assumed for the eventual total extirpation of slavery from the United States . . . I have throughout my whole life held the practice of slavery in abhorrence (Hyatt, Abolitionist Founding Fathers, 36).

Jefferson was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence and the nation’s third president. Although born in a slave-holding colony and into a slave-holding family, he came to see the evils of slavery and began calling for its elimination, even while holding slaves.

For example, in a document for Virginia delegates to the Continental Congress, Jefferson called for an end to the slave trade, writing, "The abolition of domestic slavery is the great object of desire in these colonies where it was unhappily introduced in our infant state."

In an early draft of the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson excoriated the King of England and accused him of introducing slavery into the colonies, saying,

He has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life and liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him, captivating them and carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere (Hyatt, Abolitionist Founding Fathers, 44).

Although the exact words of the above statement did not make it to the final draft, the principles of “life and liberty” for “all men” did. Jefferson wrote,

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.

America’s founding generation understood this statement to be a direct attack on the institution of slavery, and abolitionists used it in their attacks on that institution. The famous abolitionist and former slave, Frederick Douglass (1818-95), understood it as such. In a July 4th speech in 1852, Douglass spoke glowingly of the Declaration of Independence and exhorted his audience,

The principles contained in that instrument are saving principles. Stand by those principles, be true to them on all occasions, in all places, against all foes, and at whatever cost.

In his early years Douglass had concluded that he had no part in America because of the enslavement of his people; but after years of investigative research he completely changed his thinking. He realized that the continuation of slavery was not the desire of the Founders and that they had put their lives on the line by declaring independence from Great Britain and challenging slavery by declaring that "all men are created equal" and have a God-given right for Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. 

That is why, in the same speech, Douglass showed his high esteem for Jefferson and all the Founders, saying,

Fellow Citizens, I am not wanting in respect for the fathers of this republic. The signers of the Declaration of Independence were brave men. They were great men too—great enough to give fame to a great age. It does not often happen to a nation to raise, at one time, such a number of truly great men (Hyatt, Abolitionist Founding Fathers, 52).

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. also understood Jefferson’s words in the Declaration to be an attack on slavery. When someone suggested to him that he was an “extremist,” King replied, "Was not Thomas Jefferson an extremist? – ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal’" (Hyatt, Abolitionist Founding Fathers, 45).

Indeed, in the 18th century, when slavery was accepted and practiced throughout the world, the words of Jefferson were considered “extreme.”  When understood in the context of the times, Jefferson and America’s Founders were on the cutting edge of human society in advocating for the abolition of slavery, and proclaiming liberty for all mankind.

This is why, in his iconic “I Have a Dream Speech,” Dr. King could declare, “I still have a dream; it is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.” In the same speech he went on to say,

When the architects of our Republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the "unalienable Rights" of "Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."

Dr. King made it clear that the problem the nation faced was not with the Founders or her founding documents, but with the fact that succeeding generations had not lived up to the vision of equality and liberty the Founders had enshrined in those documents.

Abraham Lincoln also believed that succeeding generations had failed to follow through on the vision of the Founders for life and liberty for all men. In 1858, Lincoln, who had become the newly formed Republican party’s first candidate for president, declared that the anti-slavery vision of the new party was the same as that of the nation’s Founders. He said,

In the way our Fathers originally left the slavery question, the institution was in the course of ultimate extinction, and the public mind rested in the belief that it was in the course of ultimate extinction. All I have asked or desired is that it should be placed back again upon the bases that the Fathers of our government originally placed it upon (Hyatt, Abolitionist Founding Fathers, 59-60).

If the new emerging generation is to experience American freedom, there must be a return to the nation's founding principles. Pope John Paul II, although Polish, understood this. In a 1997 speech welcoming the new U.S. ambassador to the Vatican, he  said,  

The continuing success of American democracy depends on the degree to which each new generation, native-born and immigrant, is willing to make its own the moral truths on which the Founding Fathers staked the future of your Republic (Hyatt, Pilgrims and Patriots, 2nd Edition, 156).

This article is derived from the books, Abolitionist Founding Fathers and 1726: The Year that Defined America, by Dr. Eddie Hyatt, who has a calling and commission to point America back to her birth out of a great 18th century Christian Awakening. These and other books by him are available from Amazon and his website at www.eddiehyatt.com